7 Key Areas


In general, there are seven areas of learning and development that are crucial to a child’s educational growth. Activities are the medium through which children learn and develop at their early years. Activities help children to work together collaboratively; improve children’s physical skills and co-ordination, optimise children use of all their senses to discover and explore their environment, and develop their imagination, creative thinking and ability to solve problem. As such activities are divided into indoors and outdoors which includes drawing, storytelling, stimulating games, messy play, gardening, play dough and many more. As the famous child Psychologist Dr Janine Spencer said: “Giving children the freedom to play messily helps them develop their imagination and social skills. It boosts their confidence and helps them understand the world around them. That’s a small price to pay for a bit of mess These are:

  • Communication and language development involves giving children opportunities to experience a rich language environment; to develop their confidence and skills in expressing themselves; and to speak and listen in a   range of situations. We also intend, subject to parents’ choice, to initiate the children in French language.
  • Physical development involves providing opportunities for young children to be active and interactive; and to develop their co-ordination, control, and movement. Children are supported and helped to understand theimportance of physical activity, and to make healthy choices in relation to food. 
  • Personal, social and emotional development involves helping children to develop a positive sense of themselves, and others; to form positive relationships and develop respect for others; to develop social skills and learn how to manage their feelings; to understand appropriate behaviour in groups and to have confidence in their own abilities.
  • Literacy development involves encouraging children to link sounds and letters and to begin to read and write. Children are given access to a wide range of reading materials (books, poems, and other written materials) to ignite their interest.
  • Mathematics involves providing children with opportunities to develop and improve their skills in counting, understanding and using numbers, calculating simple addition and subtraction problems; and to describe shapes, spaces, and measures.
  • Understanding the world involves guiding children to make sense of their physical world and their community through opportunities to explore, observe and find out about people, places, technology and the environment.
  • Expressive arts and design involves enabling children to explore and play with a wide range of media and materials, as well as providing opportunities and encouragement for sharing their thoughts, ideas and feelings through a variety of activities in art, music, movement, dance, role play, and design and technology.


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